Debian: stable sau hibrid?

Asa cum bine stiti Debian 6 a aparut de mai bine de o luna, lucru privit cu bucurie de mai toate celelalte comunitati linux din lume dar mai ales de cele derivate direct sau indirect din aceasta distributie. De asemenea Debian, prin structura sa, ofera utilizatorilor sansa de a-si modifica distributia dupa bunul plac astfel ca putem vorbi de Debian Stable care foloseste repo-urile de stable si bakports sau Debian testing/hibrid care poate folosi in cel mai interesant caz o combinatie intre repo-urile testing, unstable si experimental. In ambele situatii folosirea pinn-urilor este mai mult decat necesara, chiar recomandata.
In cele ce urmeaza o sa va prezint configuratia mea de repo-uri atat pentru Debian Stable cat si pentru varianta hibrid. Atentie totusi este bine sa aveti in vedere ca folosirea testing va aduce versiuni mai noi de programe dar fara update-uri de securitate pe cand stable primeste update-uri de securiate dar versiunile programelor pot ramane in urma; ALEGETI CU GRIJA ! 🙂
Pentru Debian stable iata ce configuratie folosesc eu:
fisierul sources.list:
#############################################################
################### OFFICIAL DEBIAN REPOS ###################
#############################################################

###### Debian Main Repos
deb http://ftp.ro.debian.org/debian/ squeeze main contrib non-free

###### Debian Update Repos
deb http://security.debian.org/ squeeze/updates main contrib non-free
deb http://ftp.ro.debian.org/debian/ squeeze-proposed-updates main contrib non-free

###### Debian Backports
deb http://backports.debian.org/debian-backports squeeze-backports main contrib non-free

##############################################################
##################### UNOFFICIAL REPOS ######################
##############################################################

###### 3rd Party Binary Repos
#### Debian Multimedia – http://www.debian-multimedia.org/
## Run this command: apt-get update && apt-get install debian-multimedia-keyring && apt-get update
deb http://www.debian-multimedia.org/ squeeze main non-free

#### Google Linux Software Repositories (testing) – http://www.google.com
## Run this command: wget -q -O – https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub | apt-key add – && apt-get update
deb http://dl.google.com/linux/deb/ testing non-free

#### Skype – www.skype.com
## Run this command: gpg –keyserver pgp.mit.edu –recv-keys 0xd66b746e && gpg –export –armor 0xd66b746e | apt-key add –
deb http://download.skype.com/linux/repos/debian/ stable non-free

#### The Opera .deb Repository – http://deb.opera.com/
## Run this command: wget -O – http://deb.opera.com/archive.key | apt-key add –
deb http://deb.opera.com/opera/ squeeze non-free

#### VirtualBox – http://www.virtualbox.org
## Run this command: wget -q http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | apt-key add –
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian squeeze contrib

#### Webmin – http://webmin.com/
## Run this command: wget -q http://www.webmin.com/jcameron-key.asc -O- | apt-key add –
deb http://download.webmin.com/download/repository sarge contrib

#### Wine – http://www.winehq.org/
## Run this command: wget -O – http://www.lamaresh.net/apt/key.gpg | apt-key add –
deb http://www.lamaresh.net/apt squeeze main

fisierul preferences:
Package: *
Pin: release a=squeeze
Pin-Priority: 990

Package: *
Pin: release a=squeeze-backports
Pin-Priority: 700

Aceasta configuratie va asigura pe langa update-urile de securitate timp de 22 de luni si cele mai noi aplicatii specifile repo-urilor neoficiale.

Pentru cei care doresc sa se mentina in varianta rolling release inca de la aceasta versiune, pot opta pentru un Debian hibrid cu urmatoarea configuratie:
fisierul sources.list:
#############################################################
################### OFFICIAL DEBIAN REPOS ###################
#############################################################

deb http://ftp.ro.debian.org/debian/ testing main contrib non-free
deb http://ftp.ro.debian.org/debian/ unstable main contrib non-free
deb http://ftp.ro.debian.org/debian/ experimental main non-free contrib

##############################################################
##################### UNOFFICIAL REPOS ######################
##############################################################

###### 3rd Party Binary Repos
#### Debian Multimedia – http://www.debian-multimedia.org/
## Run this command: apt-get update && apt-get install debian-multimedia-keyring && apt-get update
deb http://www.debian-multimedia.org/ testing main

#### Esmska – http://code.google.com/p/esmska/
## Run this command: wget -q -O – http://repo.palatinus.cz/repo.key | apt-key add –
deb http://repo.palatinus.cz/testing /

#### Google Linux Software Repositories (testing) – http://www.google.com
## Run this command: wget -q -O – https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub | apt-key add – && apt-get update
deb http://dl.google.com/linux/deb/ testing non-free

#### Skype – www.skype.com
## Run this command: gpg –keyserver pgp.mit.edu –recv-keys 0xd66b746e && gpg –export –armor 0xd66b746e | apt-key add –
deb http://download.skype.com/linux/repos/debian/ stable non-free

#### The Opera .deb Repository – http://deb.opera.com/
## Run this command: wget -O – http://deb.opera.com/archive.key | apt-key add –
deb http://deb.opera.com/opera/ sid non-free

#### VirtualBox – http://www.virtualbox.org
## Run this command: wget -q http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian/sun_vbox.asc -O- | apt-key add –
deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian squeeze contrib

#### Webmin – http://webmin.com/
## Run this command: wget -q http://www.webmin.com/jcameron-key.asc -O- | apt-key add –
deb http://download.webmin.com/download/repository sarge contrib

#### Wine – http://www.winehq.org/
## Run this command: wget -O – http://www.lamaresh.net/apt/key.gpg | apt-key add –
deb http://www.lamaresh.net/apt sid main

fisierul preferences:
Package: *
Pin: release a=testing
Pin-Priority: 900

Package: *
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 800

Package: *
Pin: release a=experimental
Pin-Priority: 700

Aceasta configuratie va asigura cele mai noi versiuni ale aplicatiilor din repo-urile configurate dar fara update-urile de securitate.

Aditional mai puteti folosi si acest kernel.
Adaugarea lui in sources.list se face astfel: deb http://liquorix.net/debian sid main
Importarea cheii se face prin comanda apt-get install ‘^liquorix-([^-]+-)?keyring.?’

Deci pana la urma ce configuratie va prinde? Eu unul personal am ales stable pentru ca imi satisface nevoile.

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